Author Topic: CHAPTER 5 - SECTION 15  (Read 218 times)


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« on: April 06, 2019, 04:37:22 PM »
5.15.1. The man who has combined meditation with rites is praying to the sun in his dying moments. This is topical too, for the sun is the fourth foot of the Gayatri, and the salutation to him is under consideration; hence he is being prayed to. The face, or real nature, of Satya, or the Satya-Brahman, is hidden, as it were, with a golden or shining vessel, the solar orb, as something held dear is kept hidden with a vessel. ‘Hidden,’ because no one whose mind is not concentrated can see it. O Pusan --- the sun is so called because he nourishes the world remove it, that vessel serving as a cover, as it were, because of its obstructing vision, i.e. remove the cause of obstruction to the vision, so that I, whose reality is Satya (Satya-Brahman), in other words, who am identical with thee, may see (the face). The names Pusan etc. are for addressing the sun. O solitary Rsi or seer, because of his vision, for he is the soul of the universe and as the eye sees everything. Or the word may mean ‘O solitary traveller,’ for the Sruti says, ‘The sun roams alone’ (Tai. S. VII. iv. xviii. 1).

O Yama (controller), for the control of the whole world is due to thee. O Surya, literally, one who efficiently directs the liquids, or his rays, or the vital force or intellect of all beings. O son of Prajapati or God, who is the Lord of all beings, or of Hiranyagarbha. Take away thy rays, curb thy brightness, so that I may see thee; for I cannot see thee as thou art, being blinded by thy dazzling light, as one cannot see things when it lightens. Hence withdraw thy radiance. I wish to behold that most benignant form of thine. ‘I wish’ should be changed into ‘we wish.’ I myself am that person whose limbs are the syllables of the Vyahrtis, ‘Bhur’ (earth), ‘Bhuvar’ (sky) and ‘Svar’ (heaven), called ‘person’ (Purusa) because of his having the form of a man. ‘Ahar’ (day) and ‘Aham’ (I) have been mentioned (V. v. 3, 4) as the secret names of the being in the sun and the being in the eye respectively (who are identical). That is referred to here. And I am immortal. The word ‘immortal’ should be thus construed. When my body falls --- while I am immortal and identified with the Satya-Brahman --- may my vital force in the body return to the external air (cosmic force). Similarly, may the other deities return to their respective sources. And this body too, being reduced to ashes, go to the earth!

Now he is praying to the deity, Fire, who is identified with his deliberations and presides over the mind: O Fire, who art the syllable ‘Om’ --- the words ‘Om’ and ‘Krato’ are both used here as vocatives --- or ‘Om’ is his symbol. O Deity of deliberations, being identified with the mind, recollect what is to be recollected, for a desirable goal is attained through thy recollection at the time of death; hence I pray to thee: Recollect all that I have done. The repetition is expressive of earnestness. Also, O Fire, lead us along the good way towards our riches, i.e. for receiving the fruits of our work; not along the southern, dark way that leads to return, but along the good, bright way. O Lord, thou knowest everybody’s mental states. Remove all the wily evil from us. Freed from it through thy grace, we shall go along the northern way. But we are unable to serve thee; we only utter repeated salutations to thee. That is to say, we shall serve thee through the utterance of salutations, for we are too weak to do anything else.